Getting Into Productivity

Priorization techniques

Prioritization is a crucial aspect of project management. Choosing the right prioritization technique can help you and your team to stay focused, work efficiently, and make informed decisions. There are several prioritization techniques available to choose from, and each one has its own strengths and weaknesses. In this document, we will discuss different prioritization techniques and provide guidance on how to choose the most suitable one for your situation.

MoSCoW prioritization

MoSCoW prioritization is a simple technique that can be used to prioritize requirements, features, or tasks. The acronym MoSCoW stands for:

  • Must have: These are the requirements, features, or tasks that are essential and must be delivered.
  • Should have: These are the requirements, features, or tasks that are important but not critical.
  • Could have: These are the requirements, features, or tasks that are nice to have but not essential.
  • Won’t have: These are the requirements, features, or tasks that are not required for the current project.

To use this technique, you can start by creating a list of requirements, features, or tasks. Then, you can categorize each item into one of the four categories based on its importance and priority.

Kano model

The Kano model is a technique that can be used to prioritize features based on their impact on customer satisfaction. The model categorizes features into three categories:

  • Must-haves: These are the basic features that customers expect from a product or service.
  • Performance features: These are the features that can improve customer satisfaction if they are done well, but will not necessarily cause dissatisfaction if they are not done well.
  • Delighters: These are the features that go beyond customer expectations and can create a wow factor.

To use this technique, you can start by creating a list of features. Then, you can categorize each feature into one of the three categories based on its impact on customer satisfaction.

Weighted scoring

Weighted scoring is a technique that can be used to prioritize features or projects based on multiple criteria. This technique involves assigning a weight to each criterion based on its importance. Then, each feature or project is scored based on how well it meets each criterion, and the scores are multiplied by the weights and added up to get a final score.

To use this technique, you can start by creating a list of criteria and assigning a weight to each one. Then, you can score each feature or project based on how well it meets each criterion and calculate the final score.

Choosing the most suitable prioritization technique

Choosing the most suitable prioritization technique depends on your situation and needs. Consider the following factors when choosing a technique:

  • Type of project: The type of project you are working on can influence your choice of prioritization technique. For example, if you are working on a software development project, the Kano model may be more suitable than MoSCoW prioritization.
  • Number of items to prioritize: The number of items you need to prioritize can also influence your choice of technique. For a small list of items, MoSCoW prioritization may be sufficient, while for a larger list, weighted scoring may be more appropriate.
  • Availability of data: The availability of data can also influence your choice of technique. For example, if you have data on customer satisfaction, the Kano model may be more suitable than MoSCoW prioritization.

In conclusion, there are several prioritization techniques available, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. To choose the most suitable technique for your situation, consider the type of project, number of items to prioritize, and availability of data.